Insufficient monitoring led to ferry Grace Sparkes striking Burnside Rock, Newfoundland and Labrador, in January 2015
Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 5 May 2016 – In its investigation report (M15A0009) released today, the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) concluded that due to insufficient monitoring of the vessel’s navigation, the bridge team of the roll-on roll-off passenger ferry Grace Sparkes was unaware of the vessel’s position in the harbour channel and the vessel struck Burnside Rock. There were no injuries or pollution, but the vessel sustained damage to the hull and the bilge keel.
On 21 January 2015, at 1746 local time, the Grace Sparkes was voyaging with 8 crew and 4 passengers onboard along a route that deviated to the east-southeast of the course line specified in the standard passage plan. The master was steering the vessel and navigating, limiting his ability to use paper and electronic charts to monitor the vessel's position in relation to the planned route. Although the master navigated visually at night, the position of the vessel was not being cross-referenced by the bridge team using other navigational aids as was recommended by the company's safety management manual. After the striking, the vessel continued its voyage and docked at Burnside a few minutes later.
In addition to not cross-referencing navigational aids, the investigation found deficiencies in several areas. These included a delay in reporting the occurrence to the Canadian Coast Guard; a lack of crew training in bridge resource management; issues with the marine medical certification process for the master, and assessing fitness for duty; and a lack of signage for lifesaving equipment. Further, when the vessel struck the rock, the passengers and crew members were not properly informed. It was also determined that safety drills included only crew members and no passengers, and thus did not provide realistic training.
The investigation also identified a number of issues related to the TSB Watchlist: the operator's safety management system and Transport Canada's (TC) oversight. If TC oversight does not assess the effectiveness for passenger safety-related emergency procedures, there is a risk these will not achieve their intended purpose. Additionally, if there is no follow-up to verify that non-conformities raised during internal and external audits have been addressed, there is a risk that unsafe conditions may persist.
Following this occurrence, the operator, the Newfoundland Department of Transportation and Works, took a number of corrective actions which included providing chart correction procedures to all vessels; adding lifesaving equipment signage; repairing the public address system; and providing instruction to clarify procedures for obtaining accurate passenger counts.
The TSB is an independent agency that investigates air, marine, pipeline, and rail transportation occurrences. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety. It is not the function of the Board to assign fault or determine civil or criminal liability.
For more information, contact:
Transportation Safety Board of Canada