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Air transportation

The Transportation Safety Board of Canada investigates civil aviation occurrences that take place in or over Canada and any place that is under Canadian air traffic control. It also investigates occurrences anywhere in the world that involved an aircraft in respect of which or that was operated by a person to whom a Canadian aviation document had been issued under Part I of the Aeronautics Act.

The Transportation Safety Board of Canada's air investigators are certified as pilots, aircraft maintenance engineers, air traffic controllers, and airworthiness engineers. They all have varied and extensive experience in the aviation industry. As well as conducting investigations, they participate in national and international government and industry groups to monitor safety trends and communicate safety issues to change agents.

Air transportation occurrences in 2019

Overall, the number of air accidents has been decreasing over the last decade. However in 2019, a total of 226 air accidents were reported to the TSB. This represents a 12% increase from the previous year’s total of 201 accidents, but is also 12% below the average of 258 reported in the prior 10 years from 2009–2018.

The TSB recorded 33 fatal air accidents in 2019 that resulted in 70 fatalities. This is a considerable increase from 2018, which saw 23 fatal accidents resulting in 38 fatalities, and is higher than the corresponding averages of 30 fatal accidents with 52 fatalities over the last 10 years (2009–2018).

In 2019, there were 911 aviation incidents reported to the TSB. This represents an increase of 51 reportable incidents (6%) from 860 in 2018, and is 17% above the average of 777 incidents per year between 2009 and 2018.

Statistical summary of air transportation occurrences in 2019